For those just starting to explore the world of drumming, rudiments are the gateway to welcome them. You need to master these techniques before you want to go any deeper.

This article will guide you through a list of priority drum rudiments for beginners to optimize your training. Let’s read on to discover!

7 Basic Drum Rudiments For Every Beginner

Drum rudiments are not just rhythms that you use to practice on practice pads; you can also use them for drum beats, solos, and fills. With a list of 40 rudiments, you will be overwhelmed and confused as to where to start.

Try practicing the following list of seven basic rudiments if you’re just getting started. Each lesson will teach you endurance, control, speed, and independence.

Wooden drumsticks on a practice pad
Wooden drumsticks on a practice pad

Single Stroke Roll

No matter how professional a drummer you are, you still need to master the single roll. This rudimentary move is vital in performance.

You can find a single-stroke roll in drum fills, solos, and beats.

Single roll is simply playing alternating strokes. The starting beat will be on your dominant hand.

The patterns that start on the right hand will be Right, Left, Right, and Left. If you are left-handed, reverse the order of the notes.

The key is to control the force of the impact so that the sound produced is similar. Unless you’re looking to create accents, the uniform and smooth bar are the biggest plus.

You should learn to warm up with both hands in the long run. It helps you become more flexible and active when drumming.

Multiple Bounce Roll

Drummers often use this classic rudiment for orchestra drums and marching bands. Its other name is press/buzz roll.

This technique allows the player to alternately and consecutively play multiple returns. Usually, there is an unspecified number of nodules in each stroke.

Create some fulcrum pressure by hitting your drumstick on the drum surface to practice this exercise.

Double Stroke Roll

This double-stroke roll is the same as the single one but a bit more complicated. Instead, find a way to learn single-roll techniques first to make things easier.

To perform a double-stroke roll, you will need to play two strokes with both hands. If the leading hand is the right hand, the order will be Right, Right, Left, and Left. If it is the left hand, it will be Left, Left, Right, Right.

Due to its acoustic properties, the technique is referred to as “mamma-dadda.”

The easiest way to practice is to use your dominant hand to practice. It will make the process a lot simpler.

The goal is the same as before, make sure the volume and spacing between the notes are even.

Five Stroke Roll

The five-stroke roll is also an easy and simple drum rudiment.

You need to use your dominant hand to start hitting an alternating four-note double roll. Then, on the fifth note, finish with a single roll.

You will also play a similar set of notes with the other hand.

A black practice drum pad with drumsticks
A black practice drum pad with drumsticks

Single Paradiddle

The paradiddle is a masterful mix of single/double drum practice. Even its name shows it. “Para” equals a single stroke, and “diddle” means two strokes. Besides, when played, the tone also sounds like “para-did-dle.”

If you are curious to know the tone of this rudiment, watch the following video.

If your dominant hand is right, start with the following notes: Right, Left, Right, Right, Left, Right, Left, Left. The order of the notes will change if your dominant hand is left.

The single paradiddle is one of the most popular drumming exercises for beginners.

Drummers love this exercise because it strengthens their hands. The reason is that it has symmetrical motifs and a smooth combination of single and double strokes.


The flam is a reasonably complex exercise and requires more technique. To master the flam stroke, you will need to keep a few things in mind.

This rudiment’s score consists of a grace drumming note right before an accent. To play both notes, you need to use your hands flexibly.

The force of the hand for the grace note will be much lighter than for the accent. Besides, your hitting speed also depends a lot on the club’s position.

If you want to play the accent quickly, lower your hand. If you’re going to start slowly, put your hands up.

The technique for doing the flam is to make sure you don’t play the two notes too close together to avoid confusion. However, it would help if you did not leave them too far apart.


How to play the drag is an upgrade of the flam. Yet, drummers need to have the technique to make the listener discern the difference between the grace notes.

The volume of these notes should also be moderate. Of course, you have to separate them from the main note.

You will need to make the three notes separate from each other. The correct technique is to have two “taps” preceded by a strong major note.


If you have any questions regarding drumming exercises, find the answers here.

Close up of young drummer
Close up of young drummer

How Should You Learn Drumming Rudiments?

The key to mastering any musical instrument is hard work and regular practice. If you don’t have the space to train and the equipment at home, you can contact the local training center.

Let’s start with the above basic rudiments: slow (open), fast (close), and again, back to open. You can practice until you master it.

Why Should You Practice These Rudiments?

For a drummer, rudiments are the most basic words in their dictionary.

Although the technique of playing these exercises is not too complicated, its applicability is exceptionally high. You can apply it for warm-ups and drills or develop it into more advanced pieces.

The Percussive Arts Society has increased the number of official rudiments in the Official Drum Rudiments from 26 to 40. If you master them all, you’ll be able to play a variety of techniques.


The drum rudiment is an essential part of drumming vocabulary. It is the entry-level that every drummer must overcome to become more professional and proficient.

Although the official list includes 40 exercises, master the seven exercises in the previous list as a beginner.

Don’t get bored and tired if you can’t feel the rhythm. Exercises are not easy, but they will make you stronger!